By Gyorgy Litvan
A desirable examine a guy, who fought for liberal beliefs and for development in critical Europe yet was once compelled to spend the latter 1/2 his existence in the United States. Oscar Jaszi used to be a historian, political theorist and sociologist, who devoted his super mind to trendy democracy in Hungary. Exiled from his place of birth, Jaszi's ethical braveness stood powerful opposed to the political tyranny and totalitarianism of the interwar interval that almost destroyed Hungary's political and social foundations. From his early years in Budapest to his later lifestyles as professor at Oberlin university in Ohio, he labored tirelessly for what he defined as "a new ethical, social, and fiscal synthesis is needed." The lifetime of Oscar Jaszi represents one of many nice triumphs of cause over violence, whatever the defeat of his imaginative and prescient for a 'Danubian Federation,' and his next exile. His vow not to be buried in an undemocratic Hungary was once saved, and as his state emerged from the ruins of the Soviet block, his continues to be have been transferred to Budapest in 1991, a logo of his lasting philosophy and the spirit of his will.
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Extra resources for A Twentieth-Century Prophet: Oscar Jaszi 1875-1957
Jászi was not among those who spoke, the reason for this being found in a letter that he wrote to Somló on 26th April, 1904: On the advice of several people, I shall be forgoing participation in the debate, for there is a risk that an overt espousal of soc[ialism] might knock my two most important concerns on the head: the trip to France and the lectureship. At the moment neither is in bad shape—particularly the trip to France. The Huszadik Század 29 leave is already arranged, and the prospect is being held out that my salary will be paid.
He had no overall grasp of western Europe, and his command of languages could be said to be broad rather than thorough. He spoke and wrote German quite well, though not flawlessly and, above all, not elegantly, according to people who knew him. He studied French together with Ervin Szabó during the early years of the century, regularly reading specialist literature, so that by the time of his stay in Paris he already un- 36 A Twentieth-Century Prophet derstood and spoke the language tolerably well (as no less a person than Romain Rolland noted in his diary).
He had found it, but contact with both borderlands was attended by constant frictions and conflicts, with people often calling his affiliations into question, or he himself feeling them to be uncertain. A typical example was the session of the Sociological Society held on March 29th, 1903, at which Somló gave a lecture ‘On the Theory of Social Development and a Few of Its Practical Applications’ that caused such offence in Nagyvárad. In the debate, Jászi argued that since he regarded the exposition and propagation of new ideas in the fullest possible manner to be the most useful for society as a whole, he considered freedom of political agitation to be the best guarantee of development.