Download A Student Grammar of Euskara by Jon D. Patrick & Ilari Zubiri Ibarrondo PDF

By Jon D. Patrick & Ilari Zubiri Ibarrondo

ISBN-10: 3895864447

ISBN-13: 9783895864445

This e-book is a realistic instruction manual of the grammar of the basque language. it really is aimed toward the 1st 3 years of a school basque language curriculum. The booklet is equipped at the wide subject different types outlined by way of HABE as vital for the 1st four degrees of basque language competence. The authors' event of attending periods on the better degrees of 5-12 were drawn directly to ascertain the rest commonest language beneficial properties scholar could be uncovered to on the street, from tv programmes, newspapers and radio. Competency in all of the contents of the publication could determine a pupil was once on the uppermost finish of the size of second language speaker competency. a special function of the textual content is its explanatory kind. every one subject is mentioned after which a chain of sentence examples in basque are offered in addition to their english translation. In overall there are approximately 2300 instance pairs of sentences within the e-book. Importantly every one instance is used to target a specific point of the language. to assist the coed distinct notes are extra to English translations to provide an explanation for edition within the translation from the literal shape. The ebook additionally incorporates a set of Appendices of the auxiliary verb pardigms in a clearest layout but released. additionally it includes a set of Appendices of the commonest kinds of compound and artificial verbs. Chapters: 1. PHONETICS - FONETIKA. 2. creation TO MORPHOLOGY - MORFOLOGIARI SARRERA. three. DECLENSION - DEKLINABIDEA. four. MORPHOLOGY - MORFOLOGIA. five. THE VERB - ADITZA. 6. SYNTAX - SINTAXIS. 7. NOTIONS / components - NOZIOAK

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For example : + NOREKIN umeA (the child) umeAK (the chi ldren) + NOREKIN ume (chi ld) + NOREKIN 40 umeAREKIN (with the chil d) umeE KIN (with the c hildren) = umeREKIN (with children ) = = J DecIension In the third example, the indefinite form or MUGAGABEA form is used. In effect, if we ask "NOREKIN dago ama? " and we reply "umeAREKIN: with the child", the speaker knows which child is being referred to. If we reply "umeEKIN: with the children", this also refers to particular children . However, if we reply "bi umeRĀ­ EKIN: with two children", we do not know which children are being referred to, that is, we are speaking of non-specific children.

1. 4. PERSONAL PRONOUNS - Pertsona Izenordainak Euskara has the foIIowing personal pronouns: ni hi hura gu zu zuek haiek : : : : : : : I1me you { familiar; expl } she/heli tlher/hi m { that one; li L } we/us you { sg. } you { pI . } they/them { these ones ; l i t ) Originally there were six personal pronouns i n Euskara where ZUEK did not exist, so to say ,v ou { pI , } ZU was used, and there was only one way in which to say you { sing. } : HI. But during the Middle Ages Euskara came under the infl uence of i ts neighboring lanĀ­ guages , and they started to use ZU instead of HI as a form of courtesy and respecL So, the usage ehanged and became the fol lowing: HI ZU ZUEK : expresses the fam i l iar, used with people you trust and peers.

This happens mostly with ASKO and GUTXI. Here are some cxamples: a lot of students few peoplc a lot of money 2. To u se an articie with a n indefi n i te which does n ' t carry one. 1 1. INTERROGATIVES - Galdetzaileak Interrogatives are used to form questions. Here we present a brief introduetion as they are dealt with in some detail in later ehapters. Here are so me examples: N OR? NORTZUK? ZER? ZEIN? ZEINTZUK? ZENBAT? NON? NOIZ? NORENGAN? NOLA? ZELAN? : : : : : : : : : : : who? { sing. } who?

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