By Fred Singleton
There are few international locations in Europe which include inside a space as small because the British Isles any such number of usual environments and cultures as Yugoslavia. This booklet offers a survey of the historical past of the South Slav peoples who got here jointly on the finish of the 1st international struggle to shape the 1st Yugoslav nation, and who emerged from the chaos of the second one global warfare to develop into electorate of a socialist federal republic, led via the Communist social gathering lower than the management of Marshal Tito. starting in Roman occasions, the e-book lines the increase and fall of the medieval Slav principalities, the dominance of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires, the proclamation of the dominion of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, the disastrous results of the German career and the production of a brand new socialist order less than President Tito.
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Additional resources for A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples
The Hungarians attempted to create a marcher zone to protect their frontier against the Turks by supporting Bosnian resistance in the area between Jajce and the Sava, but after the battle of Mohacs in 1526 these pockets of resistance soon collapsed and virtually all Bosnia and Hercegovina lay under the rule of the sultans until the late nineteenth century. Many Serbs and Croats who had lived in Bosnia fled to the Venetianoccupied coastal areas of Dalmatia or to Habsburg territory north of the Sava.
Murad II came out of retirement to inflict a severe defeat on this motley force when he confronted them at Varna. The Hungarian king was killed in the battle, and Hunyadi fled back into Hungary with the remnant of his army. In 1448 Murad's army routed Hunyadi once more, this time on the historic field of Kosovo Polje. These Turkish victories at Varna and the second battle of Kosovo sealed the fate of the Serbs and the Byzantines. Constantinople fell in 1453. In 1456 Durad Brankovic died, and his squabbling successors were pushed across the Danube when the Turks took Smederovo in 1459.
During wartime a money payment was made from the sultan's coffers to supplement the spoils of war. In addition it was permitted to enslave prisoners of war in order to provide ancillary troops and labourers for the Turkish smallholder/soldiers. These slaves could be admitted into the ranks of the sultan's 'New Troops' — the yeniqeri or janissaries. In the fifteenth century these methods of raising an army proved insufficient and a new method of collecting men was introduced - the dev§irme. At intervals of a few years recruiting officers were sent out with powers to conscript young Christian boys between the ages of eight and twenty.