By Thomas Benjamin
Chiapas, a nation in southern Mexico, burst into foreign information in January 1994. numerous thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took keep an eye on of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and govt at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. around the world, humans desired to comprehend the reply to at least one query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican country? No different research of Chiapas solutions that query as completely as does this ebook. The rebellion and government's armed profession of the country are however the most recent violent episodes in a zone that's now and has continually been a wealthy land labored by way of bad humans. via learning the impoverishment of the laboring type in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay answerable for the state's improvement and future. extra in actual fact than an individual else, Benjamin exhibits in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.
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Additional info for A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas
He also became identified with a group of influential men known some years later as CientÃ−ficos. In 1891, at the age of thirty-five, Rabasa became the youngest governor in Mexico. 13 Aside from his obvious talent and influential acquaintances, Rabasa received the governor's office in Chiapas for several practical reasons. 15 The governor's personal life also contributed to his unsuitability. 16 Having ruled out Carrascosa in mid-1891, President DÃ−az chose and "elected" Emilio Rabasa. Unlike the other petitioners for the post, Rabasa neither led nor belonged to any camarilla (political clique) in the state.
The beginning of a modern bureaucracy was put into place in the 1890s and 1900s to control and regulate district officials and local governments, public education and health, taxation and public expenditures, and internal improvements. Third, the government of the state took active and sometimes effective measures to modernize the regional economy and society. The state government built roads, constructed telegraph and telephone networks, reformed land tenure, constructed and staffed schools and a hospital, and attempted to reform labor practices.
Unlike the other petitioners for the post, Rabasa neither led nor belonged to any camarilla (political clique) in the state. He owed his political career entirely to DÃ−az. Rabasa returned to Chiapas as a national politician, independent of local political groupings, and possessing a broad, modern vision of the purpose of government. 17 Rabasa became governor of Chiapas at a propitious time, providing a definite direction for the farmers and merchants of the Central Valley at the beginning of the decade that witnessed Mexico's most rapid economic growth in the nineteenth century.