Download A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language by J. A. Haywood, H. M. Nahmad PDF

By J. A. Haywood, H. M. Nahmad

ISBN-10: 085331585X

ISBN-13: 9780853315858

- the fundamental research advisor to Arabic grammar
-- a real vintage within the field.

In addition to Qur'an choices, fables, tales, newspaper extracts, letters, and excerpts from classical and smooth Arabic writings are incorporated. The publication comprises fifty two chapters with a vocabulary of over 4,000 words.

It will function a foundation for extra and deeper examine of this classical language and its literature; while it's going to support to shape a great origin should you desire to be aware of the fashionable written language of literature and the day-by-day press.

This is peculiarly a realistic grammar. it's intended for the newbie who's no longer acquainted with the peculiarities of the Semetic languages. however, it truly is entire sufficient for many scholars' wishes within the first or 3 years of analysis.

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Additional info for A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language

Sample text

But the term morph will be used only when the more specialized sense is required. Like the word ‘word’, morpheme is widely used and has a usefully general, if not strictly accurate, reference. 5 Word formation If we consider once again the design of entries in a conventional dictionary, then it will be clear that there are still a number of outstanding problems. When we look up a word in a dictionary, we have learned already: (1) that we are looking up a lexeme rather than a word, (2) that this may comprise more than one orthographic word, (3) that it may have a paramount lexical or grammatical function, (4) that we would expect to encounter free but not bound morphemes.

The issue of word stress is significant and is explored in this section, but where stress, ‘spaces’ or pauses occur in speech, it may be for reasons other than to differentiate one single word unit from another. It can be for purposes of emphasis, seeking the right expression, checking on an interlocutor’s understanding, or even as a result of forgetting or rephrasing what you were going to say. In such circumstances, the divisibility of a word is less clear-cut; in fact, spaces here can occur in the middle of the orthographically defined word unit.

The milk’s off. Run off some copies, please. They’re off. The match is off. Off the boil. He jumped off the bridge. Come off it. The village is miles off. 5. 7 In a word: a summary Discussion so far has brought us a little closer to a definition of a word. The issue of dictionary use and of our expectations concerning the organization of lexical entries in a dictionary has helped to provide a focus. It is a relatively narrow focus and it raises only certain questions. But the questions are ones which are relatively widely and directly encountered in everyday use of the language.

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